Antibiotic Resistance - Superbug

Two months ago, I got small cut in my leg, I visited the doctor and I was taking prescribed medicines by the doctor but in this time period one thing which I noticed that many people asked me one question, Did you take any antibiotic?. Your cut will heal soon!

Here, the interesting thing is that they are just COMMON people and don’t have any medical background.LOL one GROCERY shop owner even tried to tell specific antibiotic and medicines to me.

But have we realized that what mess up we have done in 90-100 years when the use of antibiotic started. Although before that the antibiotics were available naturally through different plants and fruits. Well, this mess up now days is known as SUPERBUG, a bug yes! We have made and are making many errors in use and proper management of antibiotics since their inception.

 

Superbug is a situation when a Bacterium becomes resistant to multi antibiotics. The threat of antibacterial resistant is also recognized by the World Health Organization (WHO).WHO pushing the nations to take appropriate corrective as well as preventive measures to deal with this global public health issue.  

    

But how this problem is building silently, well we use antibiotics even we have colds which cannot be cured by antibiotics, the massive use of antibiotics in veterinary and agriculture sector. This massive use resulted in accumulations of antibiotics in the ecosystem where the resistant bacteria can flourish. 

     

The spread of resistant bacteria doesn’t have any geographical barriers, they move with people, food, Animals, water etc. The trade in animal and grocery food and traveling of people has helped the resistant bacteria to reach the other nations. There have been two ways of flow of bacterium from people to animals and animals to people, many farming communities are affected by the same bacterium which originally affected animals only. A resistant bacterium is more commonly found in chicken and meat foods.

 

It will be worth to mention here that antibiotics are not being used only for curing the diseases in animals but to raise their growth rate too. Even fruits are being treated with antibiotics against infection. So it’s everywhere!

So the impact of such man-made chaos is not surprising, now it has become more difficult to treat severe diseases due to a resistant bacterium, the medicines are no more effective! The misery becomes more intense when we see that there is not much work or research is taking place for a new set of antibiotics, only a few are under development.   

 

The world is already witnessing the side effects of a resistant bacterium. They cause allergic reactions, kidney damage. Diarrhea is the most important disease in child mortality, especially in the developing world. Bacteria behind Typhoid fever has become resistant in developing nations, tuberculosis has become multi-drug resistant. The deaths across the world due to resistant bacterium are increasing at an alarming rate and the death toll is huge.

   

So what are potential future threats, we know that operations, surgeries, organ transplants need antibiotics to fight against the infection, so think what would happen if we run out of such antibiotics which can fight infections? We may run out of options and it would be difficult to treat diseases in the future.   

 

Well, the situation is not gone out of control but if we don’t address and recognize this problem then it can cause major future problems to humanity and the ecosystem. We, at the individual level, can change our habits and minimize or reduce the scope of the problem. Let’s not medicate ourselves, it’s important to visit the doctor and follow the prescribed guidelines for proper use of the antibiotics. By being healthy, keeping cleanliness and good hygiene can help users to stop the spread of resistant bacteria. Let’s promote the vaccination drive for everyone and achieve universal coverage.

 

The increased awareness, learning, and teaching among families, communities and across the world are the key ways to fight this future threat.